Everything you ever wanted to know about Gentoo Penguins

Gentoo Penguins

  • Gentoo penguins can grow to around 90cm high, and are the third largest of the 17 species of penguin, after the Emperor penguin and King penguin
  • Gentoos are easily recognised by the wide white stripe across the top of its head and long stiff tail feathers
  • They are more romantic than other penguins, and usually stay with the same mate from the previous year
  • Gentoos have two types of feathers, a soft downy woollen layer to keep them warm, and a waterproof layer of feathers over the top to keep them dry
  • Gentoo Penguins live in Antarctica, one of the coldest places on earth. Antarctica is in the south, rather than the Arctic in the north where Polar bears live
  • Gentoos mainly live on rocky coastlines so they are known for their jumping
  • Penguin poo is called guano
  • Gentoos are nest builders, and they build their nests out of pebbles
  • A group of penguins is called a colony
  • Gentoos are very sociable animals and social structure is very important to them
  • Gentoos always lay two eggs, which will be incubated for a month
  • When Gentoo babies are born, they will triple in size from 100g to 300g within one week!
  • They have a very distinctive cry, often likened to a donkey bray. The noise they make is so loud it can reach over 80 decibels - the equivalent of a diesel train travelling at 45mph!

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