Seahorses are curious creatures. They belong to the Genus Hippocampus, which, literally translated, means sea monster. They belong to the same family as razorfish, pipefish and sea dragons and have evolved over 40 million years.
A seahorse’s body is not covered by scales. It is enclosed by a series of bone-like rings. This is great if you’re a sea horse but not if you are a predator that might want to eat seahorse.
Seahorses have a ‘ring’ of spines called a coronet on top of their heads. No two seahorses have the same shaped coronet – just like our fingerprints! Seahorses swim by quickly moving/undulating their single dorsal fin and the fins on the side of their heads. They are slow moving and swim upright. They steer by moving their heads from side to side!