Local protection project - yellow-bellied toad
Yellow-bellied toads prefer to live in areas where forests or scrubby areas alternate with open landscapes. They need sunny, vegetation-poor shallow waters for reproduction. Nowadays, one finds yellow-bellied toads usually only in habitats, in which human activity lets arise new ponds regularly. These are, for example, quarries, gravel, sand and clay pits as well as military training grounds.
The northern border of the habitat of the yellow-bellied toad runs across Germany. Germany is home to almost 15% of the total area of the Yellow-bellied Toad. Therefore Germany has a special responsibility to preserve this species. However, the Yellow-bellied Toad mainly lives in low mountainous regions and in hilly areas, which is why the Yellow-bellied Toad is often called the "Mountain Toad".
The dramatic decline of the Yellow-bellied Toad, especially since the second half of the 20th century, is primarily due to the impairment or loss of its habitats. Furthermore, the individual yellow-bellied toad groups live too far apart from each other to be able to meet. In addition, the Yellow-bellied Toad is classified as "highly endangered" on the Red List of endangered species in Germany and as "threatened with extinction" in the states of Lower Saxony, North Rhine-Westphalia and Thuringia.
The main causes of danger are among others:
- Straightening of streams and rivers
- Fortification of field and forest paths
- Intensification of forestry and agriculture
As an inhabitant of dynamic - constantly changing - habitats, the Yellow-bellied Toad needs a targeted biotope management in its occurrences, which essentially imitates its habitats. It is important that a habitat with suitable reproductive waters is created and a mosaic of different habitats, such as forest areas, hiding places and winter quarters, is available.