Octopus

Which creature has three hearts, eight arms and a doughnut shaped brain? You guessed it, it’s the octopus!

  • There are around 300 species of octopus and we find them in every ocean on our planet, but the common octopus is native to the UK!
  • Octopus are molluscs which means they are from the same phylum (or family) as Slugs and Snails as well as Cuttlefish and Squid.
  • They are well known for being very clever. In fact they are one of the most intelligent invertebrate species (that means animals with no backbone).
  • Generally, Octopuses are solitary creatures that hunt at dusk. They eat all manner of things from crabs to crayfish and even other molluscs.
  • Having no bones makes these cunning predators hard to evade as they can squeeze into tiny nooks and crannies to get to their dinner. As long as the gap is large enough for their eyeballs, then they can fit!
  • They can also change the colour of their skin to camouflage perfectly with their surroundings, helping them to sneak up on prey as well as hide from predators.
  • They live in shallow waters and make their homes on the sea floor, but this leaves them threatened by certain types of fishing methods such as trawler nets which drag along the ocean bed.

You can find out much more about these mysterious creatures as you explore the depths of the Atlantic at SEA LIFE London Aquarium!