Les récifs coralliens

Les récifs coralliens sont l'un des plus beaux et des plus importants écosystèmes de nos océans. Ils couvrent moins d'1% du sol océanique, pourtant plus de 25% (soit un quart) des espèces marines dépendent de cet habitat pour survivre. 

Le corail lui-même ressemble à des rochers ou des plantes mais il s'agit en réalité d'animaux de la même famille que les méduses et les anémones de mer. Les coraux sont fait de milliers de petits polypes qui se développent et construisent une structure commune : ce sont les fameuses barrières de corail. Les coraux abritent en eux des algues qui les fournissent en énergie grâce à la photosynthèse. En échange, le corail offre une protection aux algues. Un échange de bons procédés !

Quand les coraux sont stressés par la pollution, le réchauffement climatique ou les changements d'acidité de l'eau, ils expulsent ces fameuses algues indispensables à leur survie. Les coraux se mettent alors à blanchir puis s'éteignent peu à peu.

Apprenez-en plus sur les récifs coralliens et leurs habitants colorés grâce à nos présentations pédagogiques tous les jours à 15h00

L'association "SEA LIFE Trust" oeuvre à la protection des écosystèmes marins, nécessaires à la biodiversité.

Apprenez-en plus sur les récifs coralliens et leurs habitants colorés grâce à nos présentations pédagogiques tous les jours à 15h00

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Apprenez-en plus sur les récifs coralliens et leurs habitants colorés grâce à nos présentations pédagogiques tous les jours à 15h00

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L'association "SEA LIFE Trust" oeuvre à la protection des écosystèmes marins, nécessaires à la biodiversité.

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L'association "SEA LIFE Trust" oeuvre à la protection des écosystèmes marins, nécessaires à la biodiversité.

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Les poissons-clowns

Voilà un incontournable, le plus célèbre poisson des récifs coralliens : le poisson-clown !

Saviez-vous que le poisson-clown vit dans les tentacules venimeuses de son anémone de mer ? C'est l'une des rares familles de poissons qui peuvent se le permettre, car leur peau est protégée par une fine couche de mucus. Le poisson-clown et l'anémone de mer se rendent mutuellement service : l'un écarte les débris pouvant entraver l'autre et lui fournit des restes de repas, quand l'autre offre une protection très efficace. 

Chez le poisson-clown c'est la femelle qui est la plus grosse et souvent plus foncée que le mâle.

PROGÉNITURE

Les mâles poissons-clowns sont des parents très dévoués. Ils veillent sur les oeufs, s'assurant qu'ils sont toujours bien oxygénés. Ils chassent des poissons bien plus gros qu'eux et n'hésitent pas à attaquer, même de potentiels prédateurs pour protéger leurs petits !

APPARENCE

Tous les poissons-clowns ne sont pas oranges avec des bandes blanches. Certains sont rouges, marrons et même noirs ! Il existe en vérité plusieurs dizaines d'espèces de poissons-clowns.

TAILLE & GENRE

Tous les poissons-clowns naissent mâles. Certains deviennent finalement femelles quand ils sont plus âgés (tout dépend de l'organisation hiérarchique du groupe). Si vous voyez deux poissons-clowns dans une anémone de mer, le plus gros des deux est la femelle, et le plus petit le mâle.

PROGÉNITURE

Les mâles poissons-clowns sont des parents très dévoués. Ils veillent sur les oeufs, s'assurant qu'ils sont toujours bien oxygénés. Ils chassent des poissons bien plus gros qu'eux et n'hésitent pas à attaquer, même de potentiels prédateurs pour protéger leurs petits !

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PROGÉNITURE

Les mâles poissons-clowns sont des parents très dévoués. Ils veillent sur les oeufs, s'assurant qu'ils sont toujours bien oxygénés. Ils chassent des poissons bien plus gros qu'eux et n'hésitent pas à attaquer, même de potentiels prédateurs pour protéger leurs petits !

Show previous slide
Show next slide

APPARENCE

Tous les poissons-clowns ne sont pas oranges avec des bandes blanches. Certains sont rouges, marrons et même noirs ! Il existe en vérité plusieurs dizaines d'espèces de poissons-clowns.

Show previous slide
Show next slide

APPARENCE

Tous les poissons-clowns ne sont pas oranges avec des bandes blanches. Certains sont rouges, marrons et même noirs ! Il existe en vérité plusieurs dizaines d'espèces de poissons-clowns.

Show previous slide
Show next slide

TAILLE & GENRE

Tous les poissons-clowns naissent mâles. Certains deviennent finalement femelles quand ils sont plus âgés (tout dépend de l'organisation hiérarchique du groupe). Si vous voyez deux poissons-clowns dans une anémone de mer, le plus gros des deux est la femelle, et le plus petit le mâle.

Show previous slide
Show next slide

TAILLE & GENRE

Tous les poissons-clowns naissent mâles. Certains deviennent finalement femelles quand ils sont plus âgés (tout dépend de l'organisation hiérarchique du groupe). Si vous voyez deux poissons-clowns dans une anémone de mer, le plus gros des deux est la femelle, et le plus petit le mâle.

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More Amazing Coral Reef Inhabitants

Coral Reefs are packed with creatures, all living together in a small space so things get very competitive! Reef inhabitants have to have some nifty tricks up their sleeve to ensure that they catch enough food and evade their predators. Check out some of these incredible creatures who you'll find in Dive Discovery or Nemo's Kingdom during your visit!

Copperband Butterflyfish

The black spot on a Copperband Butterflyfish is a fake eye. It tricks predators into attacking it's fin instead of it's head so it has more chance of escaping!

Black Tip Reef Shark

These little Sharks prowl Reefs. They have been known to feed on venomous Sea Snakes!

Emperor Angelfish

The black stripe over an Emperor Angelfish's eyes helps to disguise them. Predators often look for eyes to help them identify prey.

Spiny Lobster

Spiny Lobsters don't have the large front pincers that True Lobsters have. In the wild they have been known to form enormous travelling queues of Lobsters when covering long distances, like conga lines!

Lionfish

Lionfish are covered in venomous spines and therefore have few predators! They are one of the most venomous fish in the sea!

Yellow Tang

Tang Fish are also known as Surgeonfish because of the scalpel-like spines on either side of their body at the base of their tail. They use these in self defense. You'll see many different colourful species of Tang in Nemo's Kingdom including the Yellow Tang!

Clown Triggerfish

When chased by a predator Triggerfish will hide in a rock crevice and flick out a special spine on their back in order to lock themselves into position. This is how they got their name!

Leaf Scorpionfish

You'll have to look carefully to spot this guy! Leafy Scorpionfish are ambush predators who blend in with their surroundings and pounce on unsuspecting fish and crustaceans.

Epaulette Shark

These little sharks are able to survive out of the water for up to an hour as they often walk over the reef to get to rockpools to find prey!

Pufferfish

These fish can famously suck water in to massively inflate the size of their body to scare off predators. It isn't very good for them as it squashes their internal organs so you should never try to scare a Pufferfish if you see one in the wild.

Sea Turtle

Sea Turtles are often seen cruising around Coral Reefs. At night they find a place to wedge themselves in the Reef to sleep so they don't get swept off in the tide!

Moray Eel

You'll spot these guys in our Breed Rescue Protect area. Moray Eels have a second set of jaws down their throat to help pull their food down their long body!

Copperband Butterflyfish

The black spot on a Copperband Butterflyfish is a fake eye. It tricks predators into attacking it's fin instead of it's head so it has more chance of escaping!

Show previous slide
Show next slide

Copperband Butterflyfish

The black spot on a Copperband Butterflyfish is a fake eye. It tricks predators into attacking it's fin instead of it's head so it has more chance of escaping!

Show previous slide
Show next slide

Black Tip Reef Shark

These little Sharks prowl Reefs. They have been known to feed on venomous Sea Snakes!

Show previous slide
Show next slide

Black Tip Reef Shark

These little Sharks prowl Reefs. They have been known to feed on venomous Sea Snakes!

Show previous slide
Show next slide

Emperor Angelfish

The black stripe over an Emperor Angelfish's eyes helps to disguise them. Predators often look for eyes to help them identify prey.

Show previous slide
Show next slide

Emperor Angelfish

The black stripe over an Emperor Angelfish's eyes helps to disguise them. Predators often look for eyes to help them identify prey.

Show previous slide
Show next slide

Spiny Lobster

Spiny Lobsters don't have the large front pincers that True Lobsters have. In the wild they have been known to form enormous travelling queues of Lobsters when covering long distances, like conga lines!

Show previous slide
Show next slide

Spiny Lobster

Spiny Lobsters don't have the large front pincers that True Lobsters have. In the wild they have been known to form enormous travelling queues of Lobsters when covering long distances, like conga lines!

Show previous slide
Show next slide

Lionfish

Lionfish are covered in venomous spines and therefore have few predators! They are one of the most venomous fish in the sea!

Show previous slide
Show next slide

Lionfish

Lionfish are covered in venomous spines and therefore have few predators! They are one of the most venomous fish in the sea!

Show previous slide
Show next slide

Yellow Tang

Tang Fish are also known as Surgeonfish because of the scalpel-like spines on either side of their body at the base of their tail. They use these in self defense. You'll see many different colourful species of Tang in Nemo's Kingdom including the Yellow Tang!

Show previous slide
Show next slide

Yellow Tang

Tang Fish are also known as Surgeonfish because of the scalpel-like spines on either side of their body at the base of their tail. They use these in self defense. You'll see many different colourful species of Tang in Nemo's Kingdom including the Yellow Tang!

Show previous slide
Show next slide

Clown Triggerfish

When chased by a predator Triggerfish will hide in a rock crevice and flick out a special spine on their back in order to lock themselves into position. This is how they got their name!

Show previous slide
Show next slide

Clown Triggerfish

When chased by a predator Triggerfish will hide in a rock crevice and flick out a special spine on their back in order to lock themselves into position. This is how they got their name!

Show previous slide
Show next slide

Leaf Scorpionfish

You'll have to look carefully to spot this guy! Leafy Scorpionfish are ambush predators who blend in with their surroundings and pounce on unsuspecting fish and crustaceans.

Show previous slide
Show next slide

Leaf Scorpionfish

You'll have to look carefully to spot this guy! Leafy Scorpionfish are ambush predators who blend in with their surroundings and pounce on unsuspecting fish and crustaceans.

Show previous slide
Show next slide

Epaulette Shark

These little sharks are able to survive out of the water for up to an hour as they often walk over the reef to get to rockpools to find prey!

Show previous slide
Show next slide

Epaulette Shark

These little sharks are able to survive out of the water for up to an hour as they often walk over the reef to get to rockpools to find prey!

Show previous slide
Show next slide

Pufferfish

These fish can famously suck water in to massively inflate the size of their body to scare off predators. It isn't very good for them as it squashes their internal organs so you should never try to scare a Pufferfish if you see one in the wild.

Show previous slide
Show next slide

Pufferfish

These fish can famously suck water in to massively inflate the size of their body to scare off predators. It isn't very good for them as it squashes their internal organs so you should never try to scare a Pufferfish if you see one in the wild.

Show previous slide
Show next slide

Sea Turtle

Sea Turtles are often seen cruising around Coral Reefs. At night they find a place to wedge themselves in the Reef to sleep so they don't get swept off in the tide!

Show previous slide
Show next slide

Sea Turtle

Sea Turtles are often seen cruising around Coral Reefs. At night they find a place to wedge themselves in the Reef to sleep so they don't get swept off in the tide!

Show previous slide
Show next slide

Moray Eel

You'll spot these guys in our Breed Rescue Protect area. Moray Eels have a second set of jaws down their throat to help pull their food down their long body!

Show previous slide
Show next slide

Moray Eel

You'll spot these guys in our Breed Rescue Protect area. Moray Eels have a second set of jaws down their throat to help pull their food down their long body!

Show previous slide
Show next slide